Martial Art Theory 1.


Stance refer to lower body, the hips & the legs.
Check width, angles, center of gravity.
Basically maintain shoulder width, 45', center of G in the middle.

Direction changes

One leg is the pivot leg(juku ashi).
Straighten knee, pushing foot against the surface, it will create reaction. Use it to move hip and upper body with the other foot to slide forward.

The source of power.

Power is produced by rotation of the hips.
Apply the principle of spring."The tighter the spring is wound, the greater will be the force when its released".

Hand techniques.

The elbow is strainghtened in order to punch, transmitting the power that comes from rotating the hips to the shoulder, arm and fist.
Keep shoulders low, if rises, you are releasing power at that segment.

Foot Techniques.

The knee is straightened for kick and the power is applied in the direction in which knee is straightened.
Lifting the leg high and bending the knee fully is the preparatory stage in the kicking.(Knee cap should come as high as the hip/chest).
Kick and withdrawal must be completed in one motion, to maintain balance.

Single form training.

Consist of systematiclly organized series of techniques performed in a set sequences. Based on the imagined existance of an opponent, it is performed along a fixed courses, this make the excercise easy to learn and mistakeen movements are immediatelly apparent. throuout the excercises attention must be paid to porper tensing and relaxing of the muscles, target, speed and rythm.

Pair form training.

Two participants face each other from afixed distance and take turns attacking and defending. In every case, the mode of attack and target are predetermined.
The purpose of pair form training is to train begginers in the principle of applying techniques, distancing, timing and responding.

Free sparring.

There is not set routine, and may use any techniques learned. Techniques should be polished, well paced, smooth, continuous, purposeful, coordinated and must show a good understanding of their techniques. Always remember that control is as much a part of Martial Art as force.

Wisdom 1.

"An expert in self defense is always looking for the trouble..., not to get into it, but to stay out of it. the best way to protect yourself is to see trouble coming. Advanced students in Martial Art make a practice of looking well ahead."

Wisdom 2.

Protecting oneself in the real world is not the same as stepping into a dojo. One must know ones strebght and limitations. There is always somebody bigger, stronger, younger and faster.The goal of Martial Art training is to counter these with techniques, strategies and science.